Contents

  1. Web Literacy for Student Fact Checkers

  2. Acknowledgments

  3. I. Four Moves and a Habit

    1. 1. Why This Book?

    2. 2. Four Moves

    3. 3. Building a Fact-Checking Habit by Checking Your Emotions

  4. II. Look for Previous Work

    1. 4. How to Use Previous Work

    2. 5. Fact-checking Sites

    3. 6. Wikipedia

  5. III. Go Upstream

    1. 7. Go Upstream to Find the Source

    2. 8. Identifying Sponsored Content

    3. 9. Activity: Spot Sponsored Content

    4. 10. Understanding Syndication

    5. 11. Tracking the Source of Viral Content

    6. 12. Tracking the Source of Viral Photos

    7. 13. Using Google Reverse Image Search

    8. 14. Filtering by Time and Place to Find the Original

    9. 15. Activity: Trace Viral Photos Upstream

  6. IV. Read Laterally

    1. 16. What "Reading Laterally" Means

    2. 17. Evaluating a Website or Publication's Authority

    3. 18. Basic Techniques: Domain Searches, WHOIS

    4. 19. Activity: Evaluate a Site

    5. 20. Stupid Journal Tricks

    6. 21. Finding a Journal's Impact Factor

    7. 22. Using Google Scholar to Check Author Expertise

    8. 23. How to Think about Research

    9. 24. Finding High Quality Secondary Sources

    10. 25. Choosing Your Experts First

    11. 26. Evaluating News Sources

    12. 27. What Makes a Trustworthy News Source?

    13. 28. National Newspapers of Record

    14. 29. Activity: Expert or Crank?

    15. 30. Activity: Find Top Authorities for a Subject

  7. V. Field Guide

    1. 31. Verifying Twitter Identity

    2. 32. Activity: Verify a Twitter Account

    3. 33. Using the Wayback Machine to Check for Page Changes

    4. 34. Finding Out When a Page Was Published Using Google

    5. 35. Citation Rates

    6. 36. Using Google Books to Track Down Quotes

    7. 37. Understanding Astroturf

    8. 38. Searching TV Transcripts with the Internet Archive

    9. 39. Treating Google's "Snippets" with Suspicion

    10. 40. Using Buzzsumo to Find Highly Viral Stories

    11. 41. Finding Out Who Owns a Domain

    12. 42. Avoiding Confirmation Bias in Searches

    13. 43. Promoted Tweets

    14. 44. Finding Old Newspaper Articles

    15. 45. Using the Facebook Live Map to Find Breaking Coverage

  8. VI. Accessibility

    1. 46. Image Descriptions

    2. 47. "Fact-Checking Sites" Image Descriptions

    3. 48. "How to Use Previous Work" Image Descriptions

    4. 49. "Go Upstream to Find the Source" Image Descriptions

  9. Appendix

  10. How DigiPo Defines a "Fact"